Sinusitis symptoms and treatments

Sinusitis refers to the inflammation of sinus lining, sinus being the small air filled cavity located behind the cheek bones amd forehead. It is a common case afflicting any age.

Types of sinusitis by case history follow:

1. Acute sinusitis,
2. Sub-acute sinu sitis.
3. Chronic sinu sitis.
4. Repetitive sinu sitis,

The symptoms

Fever 38 degree Celcius and over.
Congested nose having yellowish green liquid.
Pain in the face and hurt when supressed.
Losing smelling
Bad smelling breath (halitosis).

Sinus location

Sinus forms interlinked small rooms through an air passage in the skull. The sinus cavity opens holes of the nose. There are four sets of sinus in the skull , i.e. behind the forehead, in both sides of the nose,  behind the eyes, and behind cheek bones.

The mucous produced by the sinus funtctions to help control the temperature and humidity of the air entering the lungs. The mucous flows into the nose by the small channels. The channels may be shut if the sinus gets infecttion or suffers inflammation.



Causes and triggers

The most common cause of sinusitis is happening swell on the lining of the nose, arising from flu virus spreading from upper respiratory tract. Beside flu virus, the triggers can be infection by fungus, tooth infection, and smoking habit. After flu affection there may happen secondary bacteria infection, to cause the sinus lining to suffer inflammation.

Children sinusitis may be caused by allergy, affected contagiously from near suffering children, wrong habit of baby drinking while lying from bottle or nipple, and smoky environment.

Diagnotic actions

Diagnosis may start with the symptoms, such as nose congested with snivel and pain about the face. There may be physical check by the doctor. If considered serious, a specialist doctor may be required and CT scan may be recommended.

Medical treatment

Most sinusitis sufferers need no medical help. Virus affection will stop naturally but it will need two or three weeks to recover. Light sinusitis may need some pain killing drug and decongestant.

If turning serious the doctor’s help may be needed. Antibiotic and steroid spray may be prescribed in this case.

Serious sinusitis may require some operation to improve sinus function and drainage. It is only recommended if usual medication did not work.


On failing medication an acute sinusitis may invite complications i.e. chronic sinusitis.

Further complication may happen if the chronic sinusitis also fails proper treatment, a.o.:

The infection spreading to brain lining may cause meningitis.

Smelling sense may be spoiled partially or totally.

Vision problem may appear, such as decreasing sight or even blindness.

To trigger skin or bone infection.

Cough caused by – a natural response of the body

Cough caused by – a natural response of the body as a protective system of the respiratory organ in case of intruding external disturbance. Act of coughing effects cleansing of phlegm or the irritant factors and matters out of the lung. Cough rarely indicates a serious disease and it will recover within three weeks. Thus, no medication is necessary. Cough drugs have neither proven effect yet. Home traditional herbal like lemon plus honey may relieve light coughing.


Cough types
Types of cough comprise phlegmatic cough and dry cough.

Phlegmatic cough is known as productive cough, because of producing phlegm or sputum in the throat.

Dry cough is called nonproductive cough because of no production of sputum.

Beginning sign of dry cough usually itchy sensation in the throat to finally produce coughing. This dry cough commonly happens on the ending phase of cold bout or when affected with irritant objects.

Phlegmatic cough is better in that the phlegm helps extract the sputum. The phlegm may arise from the throat, sinus, or the lung.

Another symptom of cough is the one of allergy, usually of dry cough type and that of flu, likely to come out in either dry or phlegmatic coughs.

Cough Caused By

Respiratory organ infection by virus is the main trigger of most coughing. Otherwise the following causes may also contribute:

Chronic disease recurring such as asthma, lung disease chronic destructive, or bronchitis chronic.

Rhinitis allergy such as allergy of pollen (hay fever).

GERD. This sickness causes the gastric acid to collect in the esophagus and incite cough.

Liquid from nose drops into the throat.

Smoking or tobacco taken in a different way.

The affliction of dust, smoke, and chemical compounds.

However rare, the factors above mentioned may still be the starting cause of long time coughing.

Diagnosis of Cough caused by

The doctor will ask for the symptoms and examine your physical condition. Medical records and family history may also be inquired in the first examination.

In case still uncertain with the causes, the doctor may recommend further tests including:

Sputum sample test to ensure bacterial infection and the antibiotic to be given in case of bacterial influence.

Chest X ray to probe into potential lung infection.

Spyrometri. Inhaling and exhaling  into a tube connected to a machine, to examine having or not having breathing problem.

Allergy test to ascertain whether the coughing is caused by an allergen such as dust bug.

coughing cough


Treatments of Cough caused by

Light coughing usually needs no serious treatment . Common cough medication is to relieve itchiness or to neutralize the phlegm out. However when the symptoms prolong, it may indicate serious respiratory infection.

Take doctor’s consultation if you suffer serious and prolonged coughing for immediate treatment

Light coughing may need no treatment but consult a doctor if you get cough with the following indications:

Over three week coughing due to virus infection

Tending to get more and more serious.

Having blood, hard breathing, chest pain, losing weight, fever, swelling or lump in the neck.

Infant and children coughing

Coughing with babies and children is caused by the same factors affecting adult, such as respiratory organ infection, asthma, and GERD.

Symptoms of whooping cough take serious attention especially as suffered by infants. Following symptoms are common:

Wailing sound on breath taking after coughing

Repetitive and intent coughing, producing thick phlegm.

Tired and reddish face after constant coughing..


Other than whooping cough, bronchiolitis and croup also happen with the infants and children.

Bronchiolitis is an infection in the respiratory tract bottom part, found with babies and children under two.

Croup is virus infection inflicting the voice box or trachea, common with babies and children.