Typhus (typhoid fever) is a disease caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria, usually spread through contaminated foods or drinks. It is mostly found in developing countries and afflicting children and hazardous if not properly handled.
Main symptoms: High fever
In some weeks ahead the condition aggravates and failing proper handling may cause complications such as internal bleeding or broken digestic system (intestines), later developing into fatality.
Typhoid bacteria usually take 7-14 days incubation period but it can be shorter 3 days or longer 30 days.
It may take months before full recovery and complication risk may still haunt but under proper treatment the case may improve within 3-5 days.
Common symptoms follow:
- Ascending gradual fever in the first week usually during the night.
- Musccular pain.
- Physical discomfort.
- Kidney and liver swelling.
- Weak and fatigue.
- Much sweaty.
- Dry coughing.
- Losing weight.
- Stomach ache.
- Losing appetite.
- Dyarrhea or constipation.
- Skin rashes, tiny red spots.
- Losing orientation.
Causes of Typhus
Salmonella typhi bacteria enter the intestines with contaminated foods or drinks and then develop in the digestic tract. On developing, the bacteria cause high fever, stomach ache, constipation or dyarrhea. Salmonella typhi bacteria differ from Salmonella bacteria which causes food poisoning.
Bad sanitation is the main cause of contagion such as by infected faeces or taking food contaminated by infected hands.
Seafood, vegetables, dairies contaminated with bacteria infection.
Bacteria contaminated toiletry on failing care of washing hands.
Serology test to detect salmonella bacteria.
Tubex test, immunology test to detect typhus condition.
Laboratory test of blood, faeces, and urine.
Spinal liquid test for more accuracy.
Antibiotic therapy is the most effective one for typhus treatment and it should be immediate action. Blood, faeces and urine will be focused on in laboratory test to specify the right antibiotic.
On fever, antipyretic medicine may be given to normalize body temperature.
In hospital, the antibiotic may be given by injection. The infusion into artery may be necessary to supply nutrition and liquid.
Operation may also be urgent when complications happen such as on internal bleeding or damaged digestic system.
At home, typhus sufferer of initial stadium usually takes 1-2 weeks of treatment with antibiotic tablet. The antibiotic should be taken wholly as prescribed to ensure total cure from bacteria infection.
Typhus Treatments for total recovery and preventing recurrence, the following steps need be attended:
To take enough rest.
Orderly meal taking. Small but frequent portions are better than big three times a day.
Plain water consumption a lot.
Regular hand washing with soap and warm water to prevent spread of infection
Complications of Typhus
Complications happen on late handling of the case or failing treatment with right antibiotic prescription. The common complication to happen is internal bleeding of the digestic system and spread of infection to its surrounding which causes broken intestines.
How to Preventive Typhus – Typhus Treatments
The vaccine is given to children of above two years old, to be repeated each three years. Thypoid vaccination gives no total protection. The infection may still happen but on vaccinated children the affliction becomes lighter. Vaccination is also recommended to people travelling to inflicted areas. Foods and drinks need controlling as preventive action.
More attention to sanitation and clean water supply as well as hygienic life style.
Hand washing before and after preparing foods and drinks, and after doing the nature or on cleaning items marred with faeces.
Use of hand sanitizer.
Taking only well cooked drinking water.
Beware of raw fruits and vegetables, and seafood
Keep toilet sanitation and avoid use of other’s bathing articles.
Avoid taking unpasteurised milk.